Barbican in Kraków

 

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Krakow's barbican is the largest in Central Europe and one of very few which survived in such a good condition. Its red-brick walls are 3 meters thick. Barbican was built in 1498-1499 in order to strengthen the second ring of walls that surrounded the city.


It was necessary due to advances in military techniques and equipment and increasing danger of Turkish invasion. Barbican was supposed to protect the Florian Gate, to which it was connected by an underground passage. It was originally on an island between the two moats. Barbican remained undefeated, even by the 1768 Russian attack, until the surrounding fortifications were removed in the 19th century. It currently serves as a tourist attraction and venue for a variety of exhibitions.



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