Church of St Nicholas in Krakow

 

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The church of St Nicholas is one of the oldest of Krakow’s churches. It is located by an ancient trade route leading from Krakow to Sandomierz, and further east to Ruthenia and Ukraine.


Initially Romanesque, it acquired a Gothic shape after being burnt by the Swedes laying siege to the city. It was rebuilt in 1677-1682. Now it is an example of late 17th-century Baroque, but bits and pieces of many styles, especially Ghotic polychrome and stones from the Romanesque walls, show through in various places. In front of the church is a sandstone ''lantern of the dead'' which in the 14th century stood in front of the leprosarium church of St Valentine's in Kleparz. It was moved here in 1871 after its home church was destroyed and is the only remaining example in Krakow of a once-common churchyard feature.



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