Florian Gate in Kraków

 

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For hundreds of years the Florian Gate was the main gate to Krakow, guarding the entrance to the city from the north. Together with a section of the city walls and three towers, it is one of the few surviving remnants of the city's medieval fortifications.


Once there were 39 towers and 8 main gates which together will defending walls surrounded medieval city of Krakow. In 14th century Florian Gate was a low, limestone tower. The upper storeys dates from 15th century and the bronze crown on the top of the tower was added in 1647. The side of the tower that faces Old Town is decorated with a Baroque bas-relief showing St Florian, patron saint of fire brigades, putting out a burning town with a pitcher of water. On the opposite side one can admire Polish eagle designed by the Historicist painter, Jan Matejko.



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