Geography of Krakow


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Krakow lies in southern Poland in the region called Sub Carpathian Valleys, between Upplands region in the north and Carpathian Mountains in the south. This area was covered only by old South Poland Glaciation therefore are no visible glacial forms on the surface which remained, unlike in case of northern Poland.

Local, smaller physical units which create today’s look of the area Vistula River Valley and Krakow – Czestochowa Upland which is a narrow belt stretching from Krakow towards north-west, built of Jurassic limestone and chalk.
Climate type of this area is moderate one with dual element of maritime and continental climate. It is the area where humid Atlantic air collides with the dry air that blows from the Eurasian interior. This makes the weather in Krakow pretty unpredictable. Generally summers are pretty warm and winters pretty cold with annual average temperature of +8 degrees. The average temperature in coldest month – January is 0 degree (but sometimes temperature can plunge even into -15 degrees), in June and July average temperature is +21 degrees (but sometimes when hot mass of air comes it can rise over +30 degrees).
Krakow is the second biggest city in Poland in terms of population which is currently 800,000. City spreads over an area of 327 km2. The population number does not include thousands of people from suburbs who come every day to work as well as many of students who live in Krakow. There are over 120,000 students in Krakow.
Krakow is important cultural and educational centre. Nowa Huta district adds also an industrial character thanks to Tadeusz Sendzimir Steelworks complex (owned by ArcelorMittal) – one of the biggest of this kind in Poland.

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