Nowa Huta - communism district in Krakow

 

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Nowa Huta is a distant district of Krakow since 1951. It was founded as an independent industrial city in 1949. It is a great example of communist planning strategy. This planned and built from scratch workers’ community is situated 10 kilometers east of Krakow’s Main Market Square.


It covered the area of former medieval village of Mogila. Heart and purpose of Nowa Huta’s creation was the steelworks complex. For a long time city (later district of Krakow) was populated mostly by its workers. Today’s population of Nowa Huta (approx. 250,000) stands for one third of total population of Krakow and many inhabitants of Huta have jobs in Krakow. However many citizens of Krakow consider Nowa Huta as a separate city connected only by administrative borders but nothing else.



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