Tempel Synagogue in Krakow

 

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Tempel is Reformed synagogue and one of only two active ones in Krakow today (besides Remuh Synagogue). However the mass ceremonies take place here not very often. It was built in 1860-1862 to a design by Ignacy Hercok.


It was visited only by Reformed Jews, who supported the idea of cultural and social assimilation with Polish nation. They were heavily criticized by Orthodox Jews as well as Tempel Synagogue itself, because it featured controversial stained-glass windows with dedications in Polish, organ music and choral singing. During the World War 2, Tempel Synagogue was used by Nazis as an ammunition storage area and ruined. In 1947 a mikvah was built in the northern part od synagogue. It was renovated much later, in 1995 – 2000, thanks to contributions from private donors from all around the world. Visitors are expected to cover their heads and pay a small entrance fee. Small paper hats can be hired from the porter if you have no head-covering.



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